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Information and locations on space weather observation systems operated by Korean Space Weather Center

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  • Information
  • Locations

Space weather data are collected in real-time via observation instruments installed in Icheon, Gangneung and Jeju stations. The collected data are stored in DB at Jeju station. The space weather data become visualized after the data processing procedure and are continuously being monitored for comprehensive assessment. The processed data are available in real-time for users via the Web and SMS.

  • Space Weather Center

  • Background

    • Following several events described below, countries around the world including the United Sates have recognized the significance of changes in space weather.
    • 1989. Damage on account of geomagnetic storms created by solar storms. Massive blackouts due to the damage caused to electrical grids in Quebec Province, Canada
    • 1994. Breakdown of Canadian communications satellite
    • 2003. Outbreak of damage to other countries’ satellites, airlines, GPS service and Tension Leg Platforms, caused by strong solar activity.
    • 2010. Breakdown of Galaxy 15, an American telecommunications satellite, on account of solar storms.
    • Countries around the world have developed forecasting service systems on space weather conditions in order to protect their key industries. Korea at that time realized it was also in need of a system that can systematically provide information on space weather conditions.
  • Purpose

    • The system is designed to monitor real-time physical changes occurring on Earth and in space surrounding the Earth. Scientific and technological advancements in prediction have improved the use of precision instruments and advanced systems.
    • Wireless communications devices used in satellite communications, satellite control and mobile communications.
    • Power transmission equipment for power transmission and distribution networks.
    • Semiconductors for electronic products.
    • Equipment performing precise control functions, such as satellites.
    • Infrastructure for forecasting services (data collection system, data relay systems, pre-processing systems, data management systems, work management systems, prediction & alert systems, prediction & alert websites, etc.)
    • The system is capable of minimizing the economic loss of advanced precise systems caused by rapid change in space weather conditions and prevents the damage that is likely to occur when the field of human activity expands further into space.
  • Overview of the Building of Systems

    • Measure data on solar radio emissions, ionosphere, and geomagnetism closely related to the daily lives of human beings.
    • Solar radio emission : Icheon, Jeju
    • Ionosphere : Icheon, Jeju
    • Geomagnetism : Icheon, Jeju and Gangneung
    • Analyze the collected data.
    • Solar radio emission : Visualization of X-ray flux, proton flux, geomagnetic field data measured in a geostationary orbit, and ACE data
    • Ionosphere : Visualization of the observed data from Icheon and Jeju
    • Geomagnetism : Visualization of the observed data from Icheon, Jeju and Gengneung
    • Setting of a threshold value depending on each situation.
    • Forecast the analyzed data needed for institutions and organizations.
    • Operation of a world-class Prediction Situation Room (forecasting space weather conditions for 24 hours a day, 365 days a year)
    • Comprehensive assessment of current conditions based on analyzed data
    • Presenting the collected and analyzed data on the display system
    • Delivering alert text messages to SMS service subscribers. Providing retrieval and transmission services of overseas data.
  • Future Development Directions

    • Minimize economic losses of advanced precise systems caused by rapid changes in space weather conditions.
    • Autonomously observe, collect, and analyze a massive amount of data accompanied by the development of the broadcasting and communications industry.
    • Provide forecasting and alert services on space weather conditions through accurate situation assessment.
    • Establish its status as an official institution, which predicts and responds to malfunctions in the satellite- and communications sectors.